Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 116

The Use of Dispersants in Marine Oil Spill Response (2019)

The decision to use dispersants on any given oil spill requires careful comparison of its health and environmental impacts compared to other available response options, including mechanical recovery, in situ burning and leaving the spill untreated. Based on an evaluation of domestic and international research and results of field and laboratory studies, this report concludes that dispersant application in some circumstances can be a useful too... More >>

Report in Brief

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century: Addressing Grand Challenges (2018)

Environmental engineers support the well-being of people and the planet in areas where the two intersect. Over the decades the field has improved countless lives through innovative systems for delivering water, treating waste, and preventing and remediating pollution in air, water, and soil. These achievements are a testament to the multidisciplinary, pragmatic, systems-oriented approach that characterizes environmenta... More >>

A Research Review of Interventions to Increase the Persistence and Resilience of Coral Reefs (2018)

Around the world, coral reefs have seen major declines due to problems including climate change and widespread disease, in addition to local stress from pollution, overfishing, and habitat destruction. Reduction and mitigation of carbon emissions will be required for successful global management of marine ecosystems. Even with such reductions, committed warming from the current accumulation of greenhouse gases is expected to expose the majorit... More >>

Report in Brief

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda (2018)

To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, "negative emissions technologies" (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change. Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks.... More >>

Report in Brief

Understanding the Long-Term Evolution of the Coupled Natural-Human Coastal System: The Future of the U.S. Gulf Coast (2018)

The U.S. Gulf of Mexico coastline provides a valuable setting to study deeply connected natural and human interactions. This is in large part because of the historical, and continuing, concentration of coastal development, human population, and infrastructure within a region that is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes and sea level rise. To promote the resilience and maintain the habitability of the coast into the future, we need a bette... More >>