Consensus Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 111

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate (2017)

The ocean is an integral component of the Earth's climate system. It covers about 70% of the Earth's surface and acts as its primary reservoir of heat and carbon, absorbing over 90% of the surplus heat and about 30% of the carbon dioxide associated with human activities, and receiving close to 100% of fresh water lost from land ice. With the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, notably carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Marine Recreational Information Program (2017)

In 2006, the National Research Council provided a critical review of the Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Survey (MRFSS). Since then, NMFS has worked to address the recommendations from the 2006 report in developing surveys for the new Marine Recreational Information Program (MRIP). The report referenced here is the result of a study requested by NMFS for an evaluation of the new survey program. Recreational fishing is a favorit... More >>

Report in Brief

Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals (2016)

Marine mammals face many natural and human stressors that can harm populations. Progress has been made in understanding the response of marine mammals to noise, but estimating risks to marine mammal populations requires understanding how the full array of stressors interact. This report offers a conceptual framework and research strategies to improve the ability to assess cumulative stressors to marine mammal populations and identify whic... More >>

Report in Brief

Effective Monitoring to Evaluate Ecological Restoration in the Gulf of Mexico (2016)

A tremendous number of restoration projects are planned and underway in the Gulf of Mexico to help mitigate damage done by the 2010 Macondo Well Deepwater Horizon oil spill. In order to ensure that restoration goals are met and money is well spent, restoration monitoring and evaluation should be an integral part of those projects. However, evaluations of past restoration efforts have shown that monitoring is often inadequate or even absent.... More >>

Report in Brief

Next Generation Earth System Prediction: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts (2016)

Extending weather and ocean forecasts to predict Earth system conditions weeks to months in advance will help decision makers plan ahead to save lives, protect property, and increase economic vitality -- but, currently, the accuracy, skill, and scope of such extended forecasts is limited. This report presents the vision that, in the next decade, subseasonal to seasonal forecasts (those made two weeks to 12 months in advance) will be as widel... More >>

Report in Brief