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These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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CLEANER and NSF's Environmental Observatories (2006)

Degradation of the nation's water resources threatens the health of humans and the functioning of natural ecosystems. To help better understand the causes of these adverse impacts and how they might be more effectively mitigated, especially in urban and human-stressed aquatic systems, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has proposed the establishment of a Collaborative Large-scale Engineering Analysis Network for Environmental Researc... More >>

State and Federal Standards for Mobile Source Emissions (2006)

Emissions from mobile sources contribute significantly to air pollution in the United States. Such sources include cars and light- and heavy-duty trucks; diesel-powered cranes, bulldozers, and tractors; and equipment such as lawnmowers that run on small gasoline engines. The role of state versus federal government in establishing mobile-source emissions standards is an important environmental management issue. With this in mind, Congress calle... More >>

Report in Brief

Evaluation of the Sea Grant Program Review Process (2006)

The National Sea Grant College Program, created in 1966 and administered through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has grown into a nationwide network of 30 individual Sea Grant programs. As recommended in a 1994 National Research Council report, Sea Grant developed a process to review the individual programs on a four-year cycle; hence, a review process was implemented in 1998 and modified by Congress in the 200... More >>

Geological and Geotechnical Engineering in the New Millennium: Opportunities for Research and Technological Innovation (2006)

This report presents a vision for the future of geotechnology aimed at National Science Foundation program managers, the geological and geotechnical engineering community as a whole, and other interested parties including Congress, federal and state agencies, industry, and other stakeholders in geoengineering research. Some of the ideas discussed may be close to reality whereas others may be elusive, but they all present possibilities to striv... More >>

Dynamic Changes in Marine Ecosystems: Fishing, Food Webs, and Future Options (2006)

Recent scientific literature has raised many concerns about whether fisheries have caused more extensive changes to marine populations and ecosystems than previously realized or predicted. In many cases, stocks have been exploited far beyond management targets, and new analyses indicate that fishing has harmed other species--including marine mammals, seabirds, sea turtles, and sea grasses--either directly through bycatch or habitat damage, o... More >>