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These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Health Risks from Dioxin and Related Compounds: Evaluation of the EPA Reassessment (2006)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for assessing health risks from dioxin and related compounds, which are chemicals that are unintentionally released into the environment from many industrial processes. Public concern over dioxin began when it was found in Agent Orange, an herbicide widely used during the Vietnam War. Dioxin and related compounds persist in the environment and build up in the food chain. People ar... More >>

Report in Brief

Exploring the Role of Antiviral Drugs in the Eradication of Polio: Workshop Report (2006)

Exploring the Role of Antiviral Drugs in the Eradication of Polio: Workshop Report, is a report of a workshop in which experts evaluated whether an antiviral drug against poliovirus would be helpful in the final stages of the global polio eradication campaign. The World Health Organization currently plans to stop using oral polio vaccine three years after the detection of the last case of transmission of wild polio virus. This is because th... More >>

Going the Distance? The Safe Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in the United States (2006)

This new report from the National Research Council's Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board (NRSB) and the Transportation Research Board reviews the risks and technical and societal concerns for the transport of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in the United States. Shipments are expected to increase as the U.S. Department of Energy opens a repository for spent fuel and high-level waste at Yucca Mountain, and the commercia... More >>

Report in Brief

Improving the Regulation and Management of Low-Activity Radioactive Wastes (2006)

The largest volumes of radioactive wastes in the United States contain only small amounts of radioactive material. These low-activity wastes (LAW) come from hospitals, utilities, research institutions, and defense installations where nuclear material is used. Millions of cubic feet of LAW also arise every year from non-nuclear enterprises such as mining and water treatment. While LAW present much less of a radiation hazard than spent nuclea... More >>

Letter Report to Review the International Epidemiology Public Health Institute's Evaluation of Radiofrequency Energy from the PAVE PAWS Radar (2006)

The U.S. PAVE PAWS radar system located at the Cape Cod Air Force Station in Cape Cod, Massachusetts began operating in 1979 with the main purpose of detecting and tracking sea-launched and intercontinental ballistic missiles. Residents of Cape Cod have raised concerns about the possibility of health effects from exposure to the radiofrequency energy from the radar, in part because of the fact that incidence rates for some cancers, includin... More >>